Maria Theresa was determined to recover Silesia, and the peace she signed with France and Spain at Aix-la-Chapelle in allowed her to accelerate significant improvements in the administration of her territories and the organization of her army.
Yet strict control of expenditure and relatively efficient tax collection meant that the government, Frederick ii many others of the age, was never hamstrung by lack of money.
In the same year he concluded an alliance with Frederick ii against Otto, who was decisively defeated at the Battle of Bouvines in July In fact, however, within 22 years after his death, all of them were dead: Councillors of experience, including Niels KaasArild Huitfeldtand Christoffer Valkendorfftook care of the domestic administration.
On the march and in camp he was present and visible. Frederick stated these ideas repeatedly in his voluminous writings on statecraft, notably in the political testaments of and drawn up for his successor. This action amounted to high treason in the eyes of the Emperor.
On 10 August the kings ship The Vasa sunk near Stockholm on its maiden voyage. Notably, his insistence on the primacy of state over personal or dynastic interests and his religious toleration widely affected the dominant intellectual currents of the age.
An enlightened absolute monarch, he favoured French language and art and built a French Rococo palace, Sanssouci, near Berlin. Whilst Frederick's seeming bloodless recovery of Jerusalem for the cross brought him great prestige in some European circles, his decision to complete the crusade while excommunicated provoked Church hostility.
However in Sweden invaded Russia with disastrous results. The Diet was cancelled, however, and the situation was stabilized only through a compromise reached by Honorius between Frederick and the League.
Frederick bears much of the responsibility for the partition, for he alone of the monarchs who took part had consciously desired it. It developed into an extremely expensive war of attrition in which the areas of Scania were ravaged by the Swedes, and Norway was almost lost.
The first railway in Sweden was built in In Juneignoring the excommunicationFrederick set sail from Brindisi. He institutionalized annual field exercises involving as many men as might serve in a fair-sized battle—44, in Frederick's further attempts to rule over the Kingdom of Jerusalem were met by resistance on the part of the barons, led by John of Ibelin, Lord of Beirut.
After years of conflict, frenetic activity and constant travels, Frederick II was struck down with fever in December in Apulia, the land of his birth.
She became ruler of Sweden although Albert's allies held onto Stockholm until In the late 20th century the Swedish economy changed greatly and service industries became much more important.
The German princes, supported by Innocent III, again elected Frederick king of Germany inand he was crowned king in Aachen on 23 July by one of the three German archbishops. Gustavus died in We provide freshly baked Artisan bread throughout Colorado, Wyoming and other States local events.
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"SpiF" numbers for works are cited from: Philipp Spitta, Frederick II. Friedrichs des Grossen musikalische Werke (Leipzig, ). Five Films by Frederick Wiseman: Titicut Follies, High School, Welfare, High School II, Public Housing [Frederick Wiseman, Barry Keith Grant] on librariavagalume.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.
Frederick Wiseman is among America’s foremost documentary filmmakers.
The recipient of many awards. The first humans arrived in Sweden by 8, BC after the end of the ice age, when warming temperatures first made the country habitable. The first Swedes were stone age hunters and fishermen who lived near the coast.
However after 4, BC farming was introduced into Sweden. Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass that was is a memoir by Frederick Douglass that was first published inDownload